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§1103.  General Definitions.
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The following words and phrases when used in this Part shall have the meaning given to them in this Section unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

AIRCRAFT - any contrivance, except an unpowered hang glider or parachute, used for manned ascent into or flight through the air.

AIRPORT, STROUDSBURG-POCONO - any area of land or water which is used, or intended to be used for the landing and takeoff of aircraft and any appurtenant areas which are used, or intended to be used, for airport buildings or air navigation facilities or rights-of-way, together with all airport buildings and facilities thereon. As used herein, the term airport includes public airports but excludes private airports and heliports. Public and private airports are defined separately in this Section.

AIRPORT ELEVATION - ELEVATION 480 - the highest point of an airport’s usable landing area measured in feet above sea level.

AIRPORT HAZARD - any structure or object, natural or man-made, or use of land which obstructs the airspace required for flight or aircraft in landing or taking off at an airport or is otherwise hazardous as defined by “airport hazard,” in 74 Pa.C.S. §5102.

AIRPORT HAZARD AREA - any area of land or water upon which an airport hazard might be established if not prevented as provided for in this Part and the Act 164 of 1984 (Pennsylvania Laws Relating to Aviation).

APPROACH SURFACE - a surface longitudinally centered on the extended runway centerline, extending outward and upward from the end of the primary surface and at the same slope as the approach surface zone height limitation slope set forth in §1104 of this Part. In plan the perimeter of the approach surface coincides with the perimeter of the approach surface zone.

APPROACH, TRANSITIONAL, HORIZONTAL, AND CONICAL SURFACE ZONES -

these zones are set forth in §1104 of this Part. BOARD - the Township Zoning Hearing Board.

CONICAL SURFACE - a surface extending outward and upward from the periphery of the horizontal surface at a slope of twenty (20) to one (1) for a horizontal distance of four thousand (4,000) feet.

DEPARTMENT - Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.

FAA - Federal Aviation Administration of the United States Department of Transportation.

HEIGHT - for the purpose of determining the height limits in all zones set forth in this Part and shown on the Zoning Map, the datum shall be mean sea level elevation unless otherwise specified.

HORIZONTAL SURFACE - a horizontal plane one hundred fifty (150) feet above the established airport elevation, the perimeter of which, in plan, coincides with the perimeter of the horizontal surface zone.

LARGER THAN UTILITY RUNWAY - a runway that is constructed for and intended to be used by propeller driven aircraft of greater than twelve thousand five hundred (12,500) pounds maximum gross weight and jet powered aircraft.

NONCONFORMING USE - any preexisting structure, object of natural growth or use of land which is inconsistent with the provisions of this Part or an amendment thereto.

NONPRECISION INSTRUMENT RUNWAY - a runway having an existing instrument approach procedure utilizing air navigation facilities with only horizontal guidance, or area type navigation equipment, for which a straight-in nonprecision instrument approach procedure has been approved or planned.

OBSTRUCTION - any structure, growth or other object, including a mobile object, which exceeds a limiting height set forth in §1104 of this Part.

PERSON - an individual, firm partnership, corporation, company, association, joint stock association or governmental entity; includes a trustee, a receiver, an assignee or a similar representative of any of them.

PRECISION INSTRUMENT RUNWAY - a runway having an existing instrument approach procedure utilizing an instrument landing system (ILS) or a precision approach radar (PAR). It also means a runway for which a precision approach system is planned and is so indicated on an approved airport layout plan or any other planning document.

PRIMARY SURFACE - a surface longitudinally centered on a runway. When the runway has a specially prepared hard surface, the primary surface extends two hundred (200) feet beyond each end of that runway. For military runways or when the runway has no specially prepared hard surface, or planned hard surface, the primary surface ends at each end of that runway. The width of the primary surface is set forth in §1104 of this Part. The elevation of any point on the primary surface is the same as the elevation of the nearest point on the runway centerline.

PRIVATE AIRPORT - an airport which is privately owned and which is not open or intended to be open to the public as defined in 74 Pa.C.S. §5102.

PUBLIC AIRPORT - an airport which is either publicly or privately owned and which is open to the public as defined in 74 Pa.C.S. §5102.

RUNWAY - a defined area on an airport prepared for landing and takeoff of aircraft along its length.

STRUCTURE - an object, including a mobile object, constructed or installed by man including, but without limitation, building, towers, cranes, smokestacks, earth formations and overhead transmission lines.

TRANSITIONAL SURFACES - these surfaces extend outward at ninety (90) degree angles to the runway centerline and the runway centerline extended at a slope of seven (7) feet horizontally for each foot vertically from the sides of the primary and approach surfaces to where they intersect the horizontal and conical surfaces. Transitional surfaces for those portions of the precision approach surfaces, which project through and beyond the limits of the conical surface, extend a distance of five thousand (5,000) feet measured horizontally from the edge of the approach surface and at ninety (90) degree angles to the extended runway centerline.

TREE - any object of natural growth.

UTILITY RUNWAY - a runway that is constructed for and intended to be used by propeller driven aircraft of twelve thousand five hundred (12,500) pounds maximum gross weight or less.

VISUAL RUNWAY intended solely for the operation of aircraft using visual approach procedures. (Ord. 187, 4/18/2008, §4) (Ord. 187 §4, 2008.)

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